It is evident that the current voting system is still not satisfactory to the body of voters. The country needs a system that is reliable and that has the confidence of the voters as well as the candidates. Research has proved that ballots and the manner in which the electorate vote has changed over the years. Different reasons have occasioned these changes, for example the difficulties encountered in Florida during the 2000 presidential elections. In this election, Votomatic punch cards were used in casting votes. The problem was that these cards could be punched at any voting center which led to a lot of confusion and fraud. The butterfly ballot used in Florida also brought about uncertainty among voters and all these difficulties eventually culminated into a re-count of the Florida ballots.
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Things however changed in the subsequent 2004 and 2008 presidential elections. In 2004 there was introduction of the touch screen mode of voting through financial support from the 2002 Help America Vote Act. The electronic voting through touch screens appeared easier to use because it would function much the same as an Automated Teller Machine (ATM), which was thought to be familiar with a majority of the population. It was also deemed to have the advantage of faster tallying and counting of votes. This system however did not get much positive response. It was said to be more vulnerable to fraud, such as hacking and electronic manipulation and for the illiterate groups of voters it was difficult to use resulting in lower voter turn-out. The most important thing about any voting procedure is that it is efficient and trusted by the electorate. This means there is still room for improvement in the voting system since the current one still raises concerns.