The mankind progress on the Earth has reached the highest level in the 21st century. The news about new discoveries, inventions and development of IT technologies increase considerably. But theses human achievements have also reverse, negative side. Nowadays we have faced the group of problems which may play an important role in the further social progress and pose a threaten to the mankind existence. Therefore, joint efforts of the world community are required in this situation. There will be distinguished and researched three global problems in this paper:
- Wars and the problem of global demilitarization
- Ecological problems and destruction of the planet
- Social inequality
Wars and the Problem of Global Demilitarization
In the 20th century there were killed more than 100 million people during the wars. Nevertheless, the elimination of the whole countries or even continents didn’t seem to be possible ever before. This threaten has arisen in the second half of the 20th century after nuclear weapon and ballistic missiles had been invented. The world community has approached to the crucial point which could affect not only the particular group of people but the whole humankind. According to the International Peace Research Institute, during the last ten years of the 20th century there were 120 war conflicts which affected 80 countries and took the lives of almost 6 million people, moreover, nearly 300 million of civilians have become refugees. The number of war areas in Asian-Pacific region is 20, in Africa -- 16, in Europe -- 5, in the Middle East -- 3, in the South America – 2. Two – thirds of the present armed conflicts have lasted for more than 5 years, the rest – for more than 20 years.
Kaldor M. (1998, p.1) admits that “during the last decades of the 20th century, a new type of organized violence developed, especially in Africa and Eastern Europe…I describe this type of violence as “new war”. According to Kaldor M. (1998, p.12), “new war” is “a mixture of war, crime and human rights violations”. Therefore, in order to control violence, the alliance between local defenders and transnational institutions must be created. Moore M. (2006, p. A11) described the war during the Summer 2006 between Israel and Hezbollah in the following way: “This war will be studied in all military academies in the world as a new kind of war which requires new and unprecedented definitions of how to fight it and how to win it”.
Ecological Problems and Destruction of the Planet
The ecological problem is the result of influence of a human being and his activity on the environment. Along with the extension of agriculture, animal breeding, and especially, industry, the impact on the nature has increased. And in the second half of the 20th century the ecology was dramatically affected because of rapid development of transport and industry, demographic outburst, urbanization and nuclear weapon testing.
Taylor L. (2004) stated that “ since 1980 the global economy has tripled in size and the world population has increased by 30 percent. Consumption of everything on the planet has risen – at a cost to our ecosystems”. Nowadays, more than half of rainforests have vanished. More than 200,000 acres are burned every day, and 78 million is destructed every year. Taylor L. has distinguished the consequences which can be brought with deforestation, such as “air and water pollution, soil erosion, malaria epidemics, the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, the eviction and decimation of indigenous Indian tribes, and the loss of biodiversity through extinction of plants and animals”. The Amazon rainforest produces more than 20 percent of Earth’s oxygen. It contains more than 750 types of trees and 1500 other plants on a single hectare. According to Taylor L., “rainforests currently provide sources for one-fourth of today’s medicines, and 70 percent of the plants found to have anticancer properties…The rainforest and its immense undiscovered biodiversity hold the key to unlocking tomorrow’s cures for devastating diseases”.
Inequality is an integral part of any society. Social inequality is a reflection of political, economic and cultural structure of community. This diversity is developed the most brightly because of social factors. As a result, some individuals, groups or sectors of society possess more opportunities, or resources. It can be accepted as fundamental truth.
This phenomenon is obvious in the report by Lord Mersey (1912) where he compared the rate of survival of different sexes and classes of people. It was discovered that women and children had much more chances against men to save their lives (men – 20%, women – 74 %, children – 52 %). Lord Mersey admitted that “class is far weaker variable in determining survival rate then sex or age”. However, if to take into account the class division also, the survival rate for 3rd class children was only 34.18%, compared to 100% for 1st class children. The figures also showed that actual survival for 1st class people was extremely higher than expected, and for the 3rd class the actual survival was dramatically lower than expected.
We search for happiness and well-being during lifetime. We strive for achieving our goals and making our dreams true. We are ready to declare the war for Earth’s resources but not giving anything in return. We don’t mention that in this rush we have lost human features and left nothing for our descendants.