In Gillingham, England, we find the Army library and museum known as “The Royal Engineers Museum, Library & Archive.” It generally enlightens information on the subject of the British military engineering and Royal Engineering Corps in general. First established in the year 1998, the Library and Museum collected works were acknowledged (or nominated) and awarded a status in the same year as comprising an exceptional anthology of state and global importance. Thus, it was one of only three armed forces or regimental museums in the nation to seize this position. Corporal Stackhouse, a specialist engineer in combat, elucidates the responsibility held by each one of the Royal Engineers within the combat zone. On the battle front, Sappers will be sustaining the entire Army, constructing an overpass across all rivers, and making all routes clear through quarries or using bombs to obliterate obstructing bridges (Royal Engineers Museum 2011).
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At the back of the forefront, Royal Engineers are also active, refining transportation paths, putting up campsites, constructing landing strips and implementing the essential assignment of explosives dumping. Additionally, the Sappers are prepared and competent to commence post-war re-enactment, giving charitable assistance through the provision of water, electrical availability and communications, with aid also offered to health amenities, which supply desirable medical care to the neighbouring residents. People should also remember that these Royal Corps can as well get training on combat and the use of parachutes, hence, capable of dressing in the desirable green berets for Commandos and maroon for Parachutes. Sappers are moreover the diving specialists of the military. However, wherever the Engineers go, their expertise and adaptability can undertake any test (Paul 2003).
The Royal Engineers mark out their beginning back to the army engineers transported to England by William the subjugator, particularly Gundulf, the Rochester Cathedral Bishop, and a gifted armed forces engineer who maintained more than 900 years of continuous service to the crown. Engineers have constantly served in the defence force of the crown; nevertheless, the genesis of the recent group, together with those of the Royal weaponry, is positioned in the Board of Arms established in the 1500s. In 1717, the panel launched a unit of engineers, comprising utterly of custom-built detectives. The physical labour was completed by the Artificer group, consisting of hired national artisans and manual workers. In Gibraltar in 1782, an Army Artificer Corporation was set up for service, and this was the initial occurrence of non-tailored armed engineers. In the year 1787, the unit of engineers was approved the “Royal” prefix and assumed its present first name and in that very year a group of Royal Military Artificers was created, comprising non-custom-made officials and classifieds, to be administered by the RE. A decade afterwards the Gibraltar Corporation, which had stayed detached, was taken up and in 1812 the name was altered to the “Corps of Royal Sappers and Miners” (Francis 1869).
In the year 1855 the panel of artillery was eradicated and influence over the Royal Sappers, Engineers, and Miners as well as the Royal Weaponry was reassigned to the “Commander-in-Chief of the Forces,” consequently joining them with the entire military. The next year, the Royal Engineers, Sappers and Miners developed into an incorporated unit known as the Corps of Royal Engineers. In 1862 the unit also took in the British bureaucrats and staff of the engineer organization of the East India Corporation. Sappers had a fundamental position in the First World War by assisting the British military arrive at specific destinations and demolish rival defences. Without the support of the Royal Sappers, the military would have been futile in prevailing in major conflicts hence generating a diverse upshot of the battle. The term “sapper” is a vernacular phrase for a Royal Engineer; who had numerous diverse tasks throughout both combats. This made them an excellent component to have in the military since they could accomplish several additional goals compared to a normal soldier (Francis 1869).
Although civil engineers were swift to appreciate the possible applications of taking pictures as a footage device in their career, it took time for the Britain military to implement that medium; what they did in mid 1850s. Following an essentially ineffective effort at taking photos throughout the Crimean combat (1853-1856); the participation of RE employees in the building of the South Kensington Museum was viewed as an excellent chance to broaden the photogenic skilfulness into the unit. In 1856, this led to many sappers getting training in taking photos from Charles Thompson, the museum's photo specialist (1816-1868). Later on, classes in cinematography were formally launched under Commander Henry at the RE foundation in Chatham. Hereafter, the school of photography maintained a sovereign status until 1904, when it was taken up into the school of survey (Paul 2003).
Engineering was an essential component in the First World War. Within that period, the Royal Engineers ensured there was perfect communication within the military by using the phones and controlling signaling tools. Moreover, these Royal Engineers ensured there were adequate quarters for the soldiers to hide or the weapons to be stored, since they planed and constructed the whole self-protective defences on the forefront. It was also the responsibility of the engineers to put up resistance for the soldiers against Underground and Chemical combat. As mentioned earlier, the Royal Engineers maintained infrastructure by clearing roads, maintaining airstrips, constructing or destroying overpasses where necessary and catering for all transportation requirements. Furthermore, the Royal Engineers maintained infantry and weapons used by the army. Certainly, without their help, all the military effort would have been useless, as they ensured that the guns and other were in good condition.
Consequently, it is highly acknowledged that the effort made by the Royal Engineers is what propelled the success of the British in their key battles. The existence of the Royal Engineers on the battleground facilitated the winning probability of the British. Had they not accomplished their tasks, the British military would have struggled to get to opponent ditches or even to guard themselves. The Royal Engineers made a great effort in digging and smashing the opponent trenches which facilitated the British soldiers’ taking of positions. This minimized the risks that a soldier is exposed to when trying to dig out trenches; hence it prevented the British army from losing many men. A famous phrase to confirm this is: "Royal engineers were similar to the final bit of a riddle; the British military would not have succeeded in completing it." (British Army2011).
A civil engineer is an individual who performs civil engineering; the appliance of scheduling, drawing, assembling, sustaining, and operating communications while defending the community and ecological well-being, in addition to developing accessible infrastructures that have been abandoned. Initially, a civil engineer handled public works schemes and was distinguished from the military engineer, who dealt with artillery and armed protection. Eventually, different divisions of engineering have been acknowledged as separate from civil engineering, together with mechanical, electrical and chemical engineering, whereas a great deal of military engineering has been taken in by civil engineering.
Occasionally, a civil engineer could execute land assessment and survey; otherwise, surveying is restricted to structural survey engineers, unless an extra skill is acquired. On several U.S. military camps, the staff accountable for construction and grounds repairs, like grass trimming, are known as civil engineers and are not obligated to meet any least educational conditions. Thus, the Corps of Royal Engineers execute extremely professional battle and non-battle errands, and is dynamic both in combat and in harmony. The unit has no combat honours, its slogan 'ubique' (all over). This implies that it participated in each combat fought by the British military worldwide (Derek 1975).
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