Daoism refers to Chinese way describing a philosophical way of life. Dao is a Chinese word meaning the way. In this essay we will examine the two leading Daoists', Lao Zi and Zhuang Zi, their conception similarities about Daoism and how their emphases are different.
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Lao Zi and Zhuang Zi
Both Lao Zi and Zhuang Zi embrace the realistic though of the world being largely independent of us and the way we are. They claim that it has its own objective nature. Like Lao Zi, Zhuang Zi used the yin-yang school of thought to describe how the universe developed from a no-being to one with beings. Both also believed that humans should try to conform to the ways of Dao ways than creating their own ways to follow. Like Lao Zi, Zhuang Zi recognizes that nature is an integral part whole but he further sees that nature is in movement and the all the world phenomenon is derived from and is nature's manifestations. They both ultimately see that nature is an integral whole and all the specific manifestations of nature are just but secondary and also transient (Daoism/ Taoism).
But these two differ on our judgments whether it could alter to the way the world is. Zhuang Zi recognized the human subjectivity in the world; he focused more tha Lao Zi on transcending of individual humans and the view that humans are part of the universe who follow the same rules as the rest of the universe according to Dao. Thus this view is different because it differed from possession of conscious knowledge which is an enlightened decision hence a way to align to the rest of the world. This is Zhuang Zi's greatest contribution to the world of Daoism in emphasizing on the self-transcendence and his relativity in describing of everything in the world even death (Daoism/ Taoism).
Daoism is a philosophy about the proper way of life. The leading scholars of Daoism are Lao Zi and Zhuang Zi. They both have several similarities in their terms of thinking concerning the pervasive, amorphous nature. Thus people should merge and not try conquering nature. Lao Zi also believes that everything is two sided, dialectical nature. They mostly differ on Zhuang Zi's emphasizing on the self-transcendence and his relativity in describing of everything in the world even death.