Human nature is the concept which distinguishes inherent characteristics such as thinking capacity, feeling and acting that all human beings have. Human nature provide standards or norms that individuals can use when judging how best to live like human being or community members. Human beings have different natures. Nature in the real sense is the natural, physical and material worlds. Nature refers to the physical world phenomena and also to life in general which ranges from subatomic to the cosmic (Schopenhauer 81).
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Human nature according to Karl Marx's concept has been a misunderstanding subject. Marx considers human beings as simply a blank slate, whose characteristics depend totally on their experience and social life. Marx place immense benefits on the view that environment influence and determine the characteristics of the individuals. Marx had an exceptionally strong concept of human nature on one stage of his development. He discussed the species essence concept form the 'German Gattungswesen' which is sometimes referred species being. Under capitalism, Marx believed individuals are alienated that is separated from human nature aspects. He envisaged the society succeeding capitalism which will fully exercise human in their individualism and human nature. The understanding of human nature according to Marx did not play any role in his capitalism critique, and in his belief of a possible better society. Marx aimed to expand product forces. In the Germany Ideology, the tendency of human beings to act in generation of new needs and fulfillment of their needs are social activity aspects which ground Marx's history. This tendency of human according to Marx is what drives productive power expansion in human civilization.
According to Nietzsche, human nature is a cultural condition, and what individuals are before they make something for themselves. To him, a few exceptional humans are the creators who subject themselves to prevailing norms, and raise themselves above the all- too- human mass (Kazantzakis and Makridis 95). He compares humans beings with other animals in every significant of physical attributes. He claims what distinguishes individuals in the fact that they were programmed even before they were born to learn their family language and culture. He considers animals to have certain capacities, but people are the only species to have created new evolution form of language and culture (Kazantzakis and Makridis 24).
Nietzsche, in beyond good and evil accuses philosophers of past in lacking critical sense and accepting blindly premises of Christianity in their moral consideration. His work moves around beyond good ad evil in leaving behind the traditional morality. He criticizes 'unegoistic morality' and demands all the immoralities to first bow before the rank order. On morality genealogy, Nietzsche claims that herd-animal morality today is in Europe which emanates from resentment of slave for the masters which leads into genealogy discussions. He presents the origin of morality as the master-morality. Nietzsche considers slave-morality as an outcome of master-morality reaction. He associates slave- morality with Christians and Jewish cultures. The value arose between good and bad, or between life- affirmation and life denial, wealth, strength, health, power and other traits that count like legitimate. The bad on the other side is associated with sickness, poor, pathetic and other slavery in ancient times (Kazantzakis and Makridis 94). The consequences of actions were judged in the femoral period of mankind. However, morality intentions according to Nietzsche is something provisional and prejudice that must be overcome. He campaigned against morality and established moral systems based on a dichotomy of good and evil (Kazantzakis and Makridis 90).
Nietzsche was a philosopher who ironically rejected the religion and came up with a phrase 'God is dead' and descended from a respected clergyman line. Nietzsche's philosophy calls for the completion of moral reevaluations and attacks the Judaism and Christianity traditions in the modern society. He professed that the morality laws of man were more advanced, as democracy support and equal rights. He talked on moral creation and their impact on society and individuals. Unlike Marx, Nietzsche believes that slave morality was one that included humility, obedience, and submission, and was destructive choice and Christian attribute. The powers of man need to attain the master morality which is full of pride and arrogance. He proved that master morality was the only true way to success in life, and it was to come through any coast (Schopenhauer 84).
On the moral genealogy, Nietzsche shows a tremendous impact on culture of Germans from the twenties century up to present century. The views of Nietzsche were so popular unlike that of Marx because Nietzsche had conventional beliefs and practices during his time and nearly all of his published work are controversial. Especially on moral genealogy, which is absolute, extremely and dangerous if one misinterprets or takes them into context. The philosophical works of Nietzsche lack complete authority when he suggested that no God, no order nor rules but only the persons and their short lives.
In moving beyond good and evil, Nietzsche, unlike Marx, demands something better believed in the ability of human once more. His weariness is based almost entirely in the resentment culminating. Nietzsche's dissolution of morality concept and the prevailing priestly morality are the culmination of resentment. He wants to move beyond simple, good and evil concepts and abandon the individual assessments through resentments, and restore human beings to their former tremendous ability. Unlike Marx, he started his discussion of good and moral with an etymological assessment of the designations of appropriate coined in various languages. He came up with same conceptual transformation that all human beings are noble in the social sense from which brilliant concept develops. He did not look forward to achieve morality but rather backward trying to get the origins and progression causes (Kazantzakis and Makridis 112).
The theories of Nietzsche and Marx in the society are flawed. They have critical imbalances on them that cause much of suffering to humanity. Marx shows reaction to the fact of community manifesto through describing his vision of balancing the society perfectly that is a communist society. Marx wrote to the society that he believed was the best form of society possible. He describes the proper balance between individual needs and society needs in a communist society. He thinks violence is sometimes needed to reach communism state. Marx and Nietzsche's theories reflect upon individual relationships and society, and the issue of violence, as portrayed in each manifesto. They both focus on the realization of a human being from their cultural perspectives in their philosophical work (Kazantzakis and Makridis 95).
Nietzsche and Marx and never God unless idolized as God in which the case of Nietzsche would interject that the enlightened only believe that God is truly dead. Money and property ownership are the devil. It perhaps outside logical realm in which philosophers are left top free the world or imprison it in slavery system being mistaken.
The Friedrich Nietzsche is more satisfying because he revolutionized philosophy and saw more clear vision than Karl Marx or any other philosophers of the modernity implications. Friedrich made it clear that dualism was, so Christianity has to die a well-deserved death. To him, the scientist God is dead as the religion God (Kazantzakis and Makridis 127). In other words, Friedrich's philosophy is the romantic rejection culmination of nationality and idealization of natural feeling.
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