The major purpose of this article is to emphasize on power dynamics among different states in the international scope from a couple of decades ago in a bid to gain control and recognition. The world’s history was dominated by struggle by countries to exercise power and instill their desired civilization from both within and outside their states. The strength of any country depended on its economic and political organization. The article testifies that power cycle theory was critical and helped to incorporate countries’ internal structures with their foreign relations criteria in world politics (13). The extent in which a country was organized determined how influential it was and how it exercised power over other states. War was regarded an important instrument to determine how countries exercised their powers across the world. Several countries gained worldwide recognition by conquering other states whereby wars were used to resolve leadership disagreements among leaders (19). Countries had to fight for their territorial dominance and powers to ensure a profound political organization and political prowess.
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Systems structure was the most important aspect for countries wishing to expound their powers beyond their states. It determined how a state was governed through internal reorganization and the political willpower of leaders to attain world recognition. Although history shows that many countries resorted to battles in a bid to exercise power and control, initiating a good progress was deemed more helpful to facilitate liberalism and social equality for all citizens (17). To gain power in international politics, a country had to have a strong nation state through which economic power was instigated. Power cycle theory has been crucial in the understanding of political and economic power among nations in an international scope by identifying the tactics embraced by several states in the current and previous centuries. Some countries like the US acquired their dominance during the imperial period and this was guaranteed by their political and military strength which enabled it to battle it out with other nations. However, situations have changed in the 21st century due to the nature of the current dynamic equilibrium and its impacts to states’ structural systems.
There were issues about the political ideologies different countries used to show their power. The article argues that idealism steered countries’ policy roles by encouraging the sharing of ideas in a liberal and legitimate way while realism guaranteed the manifestation of power for different nations and their leaders through ultimate control (15). After the world war, what was important for nations was how to enhance good international relations despite the differing ideologies that major nations such as Russia and the USA had. Economic growth was critical since it was the only way a nation could influence other countries by adopting its political mechanisms and trade policies. The power a country could exercise internationally was determined by its organizational structure which began through its national will and political unity (18). Only those nations that managed to organize their systems well that had the capability to exercise power and role towards their international relations agendas. The author argues that power is relative meaning that it can be compared across different states and can be conceptualized in theory and determined empirically (19). Countries engaging through international relations should be mutually related to succeed.
It is argued in the article that countries interact through different ways. Idealism was important to steer good interactions between governments that helped each other by relating in a complement way to ensure that one nation could get what it did not have from the other nation (19). Moreover, competitiveness has caused nations to be at odds in an indirect manner whereby they all try to benefit through certain behaviors that ensure each nation takes some different actions to disadvantage the other (19). These mechanisms may make a country succeed or fail in world politics and it is the reason why some countries have exploited others through economic agreements. Ideological discrepancies have made acquire some absolute economic growth while others have remained static. Power cycle theory shows how a country like China has increased in relative power owing to the regions dynamic equilibrium which has shaped the country’s foreign policy roles (44). It implies that the structural systems within a state are more helpful to attain power since it is the only way a country may configure its economic situation and develop good political systems whether through idealism or realism. Economic strength which is absolute gives nations the capability to initiate foreign policy roles that may warrant international dominance of power.
The article asserts that countries have had to emphasize on the varying relative and absolute trends that have been instrumental to determine whether they are capable of initiating their economic growth after a disaster. Disparities between both the relative and negative inclinations may have various implications. For instance, being was one of the countries that had involved themselves in different battles before the Second World War; Germany needed to recover both its economy and political willpower. However, the country witnessed different obstacles despite the support it received from other nations due to the fact that while its absolute strength was outstanding, the country still had a relative decline (33). The absolute trend was important to determine its economic situation that had to recover following the great depression that had hit several world countries. On the other hand, the relative decline meant that the country’s political structures did not instill power in a way that could help it get international recognition.
According to the article, it was funny to see role playing part in the relations between nations such as the US and Russia whereby the former advocated conservatism when the others were communists and dealt in realism (34). There are bounds that a system should not be changed if a nation is willing to exercise power beyond its borders. The limits beyond which countries should not force power change may make it difficult for even the economically strong nations to compete with small states. Some countries have combined powers to gain more political strength on the global scope. Dynamic equilibrium requires a nation to balance both the foreign policy role and power. This means that the foreign policy roles need to fiddle with any changes that occur within a state regarding to its power cycles (36). Ideally, systemic adjustments are usually difficult since countries have to consider both the role and power changes and their implications to their political implications compared to the strategies competing nations are likely to take. This has been the reason why some dominant countries are seen to fall while others whose ideologies may not necessarily auger well with other powerful nations are seen undergoing a positive transition.
Countries have to organize their structures in a way that promotes economic progress to guarantee an absolute strength. Any changes regarding a country’s absolute growth are determined by its national cycle frameworks. This reflects any country’s economic progress which is determined through the intended gross national product which is attained in consideration of the contribution made by each citizen, the level of employment and technological advancements (38). However, state power cycle is regarded more useful in that it incorporates every system involved and offers comparison among countries and their competitors within a particular period (39). Both the relative and absolute dynamics have to be considered to help understand how a country’s economy is likely to perform when the competition and behavioral reactions are determined. The competitiveness among nations trying to gain power dominance may see each country develop attitudes that are self-centered and focused to derail the strength of another.
Both the relative and absolute trends have been crucial for any success of a nation basing on the political and economic matters. As argued in the article, power is only best dealt with if nations understand the perimeters within which their systems should operate and adequate preparations for any unplanned occurrences that may have negative implications (13). Countries have always differed in international politics due to their varying ideologies where they all try to take advantage of each other. As a result, power cycle theory has been critical as argued by the author and has helped leaders across different nations to establish good international relations.
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