Child car seats use a front armrest. The armrest swings down over the child and straps are intended to hold him in place. It consists of a spring which pulls the armrest up if not held down with the properly buckled straps. One only uses a minimum 12 pound buckle force to open the straps. The seats can be used as hand – me – downs. Booster seats for bigger children are new and covered by the standard. The seats are the same as a booster chair used at home, except that they have shoulder harnesses and work with the seat belt. They raise the child up so he can see out the window. They also position the lap belt better for a smaller pelvis. The seats should be attached to the restraint anchorage points in ones car (Robin, 2005).
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Children strapped into car seats stand many chances of survival in an accident. Strapping them into seats that comply with the latest federal regulations is excellent. Auto – related injuries are still the number one killer of children globally. Testing of the device is dynamic in a 30 –mph simulated crash. There is a limit on the movement of the dummy, and the seat maintains structural integrity. The seats have also passed a 20- mph simulated crash test without the tether. All buckles require a 12 – pound force to open them. There is permanent attachment of Instructions to the seat so they are easily visible (Schulman, Ronca, &Bucuvalas, 1998).
Children are much safe if placed in the back seat if the vehicle has traveler side air bags. Children placed in the front seat while travelling can be injured seriously or even killed when an air bag comes out in a crash. For children between the ages of 1 and 7, there is a reduction of the probability of being injured by about 70% when there is an adequate child seat used instead of a seat belt only (Rune, 2009).