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Free «Jury Trial Analysis» Essay Sample

Selection of a Jury

The court jurors get selected from a courtroom in which jurors are available in a predetermined pool. The jurors are taken through a questioning process referred to as the voir dire. This is meant to establish whether the juror in question has any personal interest in the impending trial (Chambers and Luvera, 1983). This substantially eliminates prejudice from the handling process of the case. Normally, the attorney challenges the jurors and in the process some are excluded from the trial process. The format of challenge can either be a cause challenge or a peremptory challenge.

Opening Statements

Here each opposing sides present available proof in form of visible evidence to the jury. The opening statements serve as to prepare the course the case will take and varies from circumstantial evidence to be presented during trial. Some of the items include factual presentations of what led to the impending trial (Chambers and Luvera, 1983). Ordinarily, the plaintiff’s attorney gives an overview of his or her defendant’s version while the prosecuting attorney does the same for the government’s version stipulated by constitutional barriers.



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Evidence Presentation and Witnesses’ Testimony

According to procedure, the plaintiff jump starts the presentation. As each side of witnesses present their facts, the side calling the witness carries direct examination of the facts (Bevans, 2002). The law requires that each witness to swear in order to affirm truth. This process then alternates to the other side for cross examination. Here the attorney tries to get the other witness to admit to a visible flaw based on presented facts. Presented physical evidence is chronologically numbered for identification purposes.

As the trial proceeds, an attorney has the right to object to the judge. These are normally of legal nature (Bevans, 2002). The judge carries the ultimate responsibility of advising the case process at this point by sustaining trial or overruling the process as mandated by the law. The judge then advises the jury to proceed in making a fair decision based on the circumstantial evidence.

Closing Arguments

The attorneys from both sides do a summary of their evidences then try to persuade the jury in their respective favors. Normally the plaintiff begins by presenting his or her proof through argumentation (Mackey, 1998). This is followed by the defendant’s attorney’s argument. The plaintiff’s attorney then gives a reaction to the defense’s comments which is referred to as rebuttal.

Presentation of Jury Instructions

The judge presents what the constitution postulates on the matter to the jury. This essentially defines pertinent issues in the case, which will guide the jurors in giving a fair trial (Mackey, 1998). Thereafter, the jurors must reach a feasible verdict on the case based on the law requirements without any modification.


The jury team enter the deliberation room to give due consideration of the case in order to reach a valid verdict. A fore person must be elected to guide the impending discussions into an orderly format (Siegel, 2008). This guarantees fairness and both in participation and decision making. Any arising question is delivered to the judge in a note form through the bailiff. This must be critically clarified before further process. The jurors then make a final verdict, which the judge ultimately announces going by required legal constitutional requirements (Siegel, 2008).


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