The political success of Rome has always remained as an issue to be discussed by many people who are interested in politics. This is because the rate at which Rome rose to the extent of controlling politics in many regions like North Africa, Near East and Europe was very high. As a result, Rome was in a position to have the political control in these regions for the period between the first century BC the fourth century AD (Kelly, 23). Among the professionals who feel that the rise of Rome should be analyzed include: political scientists, military strategists, and historians. This paper will look not how the Roman Empire was created without pre-organized plans.
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The rise of the Roman Empire was not associated with some initial form of planning since it happened as an accident. It happened without the involvement of any prominent personalities like statesmen or famous general inciting the people to rise up and get an empire. Rome had given birth to most of the famous statesmen and generals of the time. In addition, Roman soldiers were very active and they cold fight all the word due to their dedication in work. The average citizens were very aggressive and they disliked the policies that the government had put in to place. An average citizen could not agree to work with the policies that the government of the time had put into place and he could therefore do opposite of what the government expected. The prevailing circumstances forced the citizens to ignore the activities of the government and instead work towards grabbing some more land (Kelly 29).
The average citizens played a crucial role in the creation of the Roman Empire. Every citizen felt that involvement in government affairs was a waste of time and instead most of the citizens decided to acquire more land for farming (Crisswell 17). In that case, greed and ambition of have large parcels of land were not the driving factors to grab land. On the contrary, the citizens felt that they needed to stay at their homes and involve themselves in framing since that was the available economic activity. Settling at homes did not imply that the Romans could not defend themselves from their enemies who were mainly Barbarians. Once the enemies were defeated, the Romans did not feel secure at al and therefore they decided to follow their enemies before they could cross the sea to seek help from other countries. When the enemies had freed, the freed to another country then sick Roman was left administering provinces that had been left by the enemies as his newly acquired province (Crisswell 32).
The Barbarians started to free from the Romans and in 203 B.C, they had crossed the Red Sea to start fights in North Africa. Hannibal failed to win most of the wars since his mercenaries did support him well. The Romans asked him to surrender but instead he decided to free to away to seek help from the kings of Syria and Macedonia. On the other hand, the kings of Syria and Macedonia (formerly ruled by Alexander the Great) were planning of how they could attack Egypt. The major intention in that plan was to conquer the RichNileValley and divide it between them. The Egyptian King heard this rumor and since he had a good relationship with Rome, he requested for support. The Romans did not require to plot any attack and but they responded to attacks fairly well. For instance, in 197 B.C, the Roman legion was able to defeat Greek phalanx which was mainly used by the Macedonians for the preparing their wars (Kelly 78).
The Romans were able to conquer Greece in the same easy methods that they used. When they moved to the southern sided of Attica, they pretended to the Greeks that their journey that time was to bring Hellenes from Macedonian yoke. However, the Greeks had been in a period of semi slavery but they had not learnt enough reasons and they therefore used the freedom they had just acquired to allow the Romans to accomplish their plan. This was followed by the Greeks in the small states to start quarreling among themselves for the decision that had been taken. On the other hand, the Romans despised the Greeks even if they did not know much about them but they had to bear all that they had seen happening. The Romans could not bear these quarrels for a long time and they therefore became impatient of the endless dissensions. They opted to invade Greece by first burning down Corinth and later sent their own king to Athens to start ruling Greece. This resulted to Macedonia and Greece becoming part of the Roman Empire that protected the eastern frontier of Rome.
In the year 190 B.C, Antiochus III, the king of Syria was informed by General Han-bal of how it would be easy to attack Italy and conquer the city of Rome. The Syrian king had always wished to attack Italy since he believed that he was a powerful king who ruled a large vast of land. However, Antiochus’ plan to invade Italy could not work since his army was attached and defeated by Lucius Scipio, a brother to Scipio. Lucio Scipio had been sent to Asia Minor where he confronted the Syrian army at Magnesia. In addition to his armies being destroyed, Antiochus was himself lynched by the people he ruled thereby destroying his plan and leaving Syria unstable (De Secondat Montesquieu 112). This led to Asia Minor becoming a Roman protectorate. This case of Antiochus indicates that most of the Roman attacks were not planned since they occurred in an unexpected ways. By the end of the fourth AD, most of the land surrounding the Mediterranean region fell under the leadership of Rome.
This paper has discussed how the Roman Empire was created. It has been found out that the average citizen started grabbing land for agricultural use. The trend of grabbing more and continued until enemies started attacking the citizens. This was the start of the creation of the large Roman Empire. It has been established that the Romans did not have prior plans of attacking their neighbors until the enemies started attacking them. In the process of following the enemies, the Romans decided to take charge of the land left by the enemies. The paper has found out that, most of most of the provinces in Macedonia, Greece and Syria were conquered in the same easy way. By the end of the fourth AD, Rome was a mistress of all the land in the Mediterranean region.
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