This study has revealed promising results on thesignificanceof perceived better health and self careconfidencein relation to enhanced quality of life. Patients suffering from chronic heart disease need to have confidence in their abilities of selfcarein order toimproveand maintain the quality of life.In the nursing practice, these findings are of importance because the practitioners need toemployeducational interventions so as to build the self careconfidencein heart failure patients, who do not have the confidence of dealing with their condition after discharge.
The research questionis not presentedin the introduction/backgroundsectionratherthe authorsstatethe research objective at the end of this section.The research objective states that the study seeks to determine if there exist specific deficits of selfcarein heart failure patients, in an acute care setting after the time of discharge, in relation to a possible decrease in the quality of life.From this objective, a research question can be derived.This could be as follows:
Are there specific self care deficits among patients suffering from heart failure?
Does thisheartfailure self care deficits relate to a decrease in the quality of life?
The research report does notcontainthe researchhypothesisbut there is a purpose statement. Thisstatementcan then be used to derive the hypotheses. The derived hypotheses arenullhypotheses. The non directional hypotheses can be as follows:
There is norelationshipbetweenheartfailure selfcaredeficits and the quality of life indicatorsamong recently hospitalizedheart failure patients.
There is no significant relationship between the age, gender and level of education, and the self care deficits of heart failure patients.
There is no significant difference in the heart failure self care deficits, in both male and female patients.
The directional hypotheses can be as follows:
The level of heart failure self care deficits increases with a decrease in the quality of life indicatorsamong recently hospitalizedheart failure patients.
Increase in the heart failure self care deficits occurs with a significant increase in age.
The heart failure self care deficits decrease with an increase in the level of education.