The novel 'Lord of the Flies' by William cover a wide array of thematic concerns that have essentially been used to develop the content and plot of the story. The theme that society holds everyone together is exemplary emphasised in several instances of the story. The facts surrounding this theme are essentially based on the fact that personal values, ideals, and rights issues are the main supportive elements of the theme. Other emerging themes that have essentially been developed include the increasing need for society to attain a desirable level or order and civilised mentality. This can be seen in, "Piggy asked no names. He was intimidates by this uniformed superiority and he off-hand authority in Merridew's voice. He shrank to the other side of Ralph and busied himself with his glasses" (William & Forster 20). In addition, other critical themes developed in the novel include struggle with personal identity issues and the characterisation of human nature. Human nature can be seen in, "There was a slight, furtive boy whom no one knew, who kept to himself with an inner intensity of avoidance and secrecy" (William & Forster 22).
The novel, 'The Lottery' by Shirley Jackson has its epicentre revolving around several major thematic concerns. First, the theme of modernity which essentially serves to promote the need for people to reject outdates practices, traditions, and primary laws regulating the manner in which society elements operate amongst themselves. This can be seen in, "Every year, after the lottery, Mr. Summers began talking again about a new box, but every year the subject was allowed to fade off without anything else being done" (Jackson 8). Second, the theme of evil in society is essentially developed focusing on the belief that evil mentality exists at relatively all significant levels of society without the exclusion of the ordinary person. This can be seen in, "The lottery was conducted- as were the square dances, the teenage club, the Halloween program-by Mr. Summers, who had time and energy to devote to civic activities" (Jackson 7).
The setting of 'Lord of Flies' is in a fictitious island; fictitious because no description is given by Golding regarding the geographical disposition in which events of the novel predominantly occur.
From the novel content Bolding gives a critique of the place descriptions of mountains and water places as 'lagoons.' This can be seen, "The boy with fair hair lowered himself down the last few feet of rock and began to pick his way toward the lagoon" (Golding & Forster 1). This elementally fulfils description of the water-filled environment. Moreover, "The ground beneath them was a blank covered with coarse grass, torn everywhere by the upheavals of fallen trees, scattered with decaying coconuts and palm saplings" (Golding & Forster 5). This description serves to create an element of confusion and essentially fulfils in creating a horrific zone scene and sets the stage for the boys adventures into the coastal place.
The setting of Jackson's 'the lottery' elementally takes place in a village located in the currently categorised New England areas. This is seen in, "The morning of the June 27th was clear and sunny, with the fresh warmth of a full-summer day; the flowers were blossoming profusely and the grass was richly green" (Jackson 5). This setting gives the ambience for occurrence of potential interesting activity hence sets the stage for occurrence of the lottery by providing an invitational atmosphere as seen in, "The people of the village began to gather in the square, between the post office and the blank around ten o'clock on some towns there were so many people that the lottery took two days and had to be started on June 26th, but in this village, where there were only about three hundred people..." (Jackson 5).
Various aspects of symbolism are empathised in the 'The Lord of the Flies' as seen in various instances as the plot forms. Island has been used to describe the element of isolation in its distinct meaning. In essence, the island has been used to emulate the emerging factors regarding the various levels of struggle that humans undergo in trying to attain their primal goal in life. This can elementally be seen in,
He came forward, searching out safe lodgements for his feet, and then looked up through thick spectacles. "Where's the man with the megaphone? The fair boy shook his head. "This is an island..
At least I think it's an island. That's a reef out in the sea. Perhaps there aren't grownups anywhere" (Golding and Forster 2).
Here the boys are merely trying to expound their need for freedom without significant control from the adults, thus isolating themselves.
In Shirley Jackson's 'the Lottery', the word 'lottery' has been distinctively used as symbol forfeited and barbaric traditions associated with an old people of persons elementally existing during old times. 'Lottery' strives to build on the virtue that old things need to be relegated to the past and modernity emphasised. This can be seen in, "There was a story that the present box had been made with some pieces of the box that had preceded it, the one that had been constructed when the first people settled down to make a village here" (Jackson 7-8). This elementally describes the items being used to execute the lottery as have some of former time's affiliations.