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Carl Rogers’ customer-based therapy, also referred to as person-based therapy, is a nondirective form of conversation remedy that was established during 1940s. Person centered therapy is currently one of the most extensively employed approaches in psychiatric assistance. Carl Rogers is known to be one of the most effective psychologists of the 20th century. He was a humanist philosopher and believed that individuals are essentially excellent. This is because all people possess an actualizing tendency to accomplish their potential and be recognized as the best individuals ever. This context seeks to examine and review the person-centered loom established by Rogers (Rogers, 1951).
The approach employed by Rogers in his client-based therapy is conversation. It is where the client informs the psychologist his or her problem then the psychiatric comes up with a potential solution. According to Carl Rogers, this approach is the best for all sorts of counseling because it enhances the relationship between the psychologist and the client (Rogers, 1951). Most of the counseling is done at a serene environment where there is no disruption from external concepts. Rogers emphasizes on the point that a tranquil environment enhances the client’s openness and ability to say the truth about personal life.
Rogers establish the approach that helped clients gain self-knowledge and the discovery that the clients were the individuals who knew the responses to their own problems (Rogers, 1951). The difference between Maslow and Rogers is the fact that Maslow employed a theorist approach while Rogers used therapy approach. The aim of Rogers’ profession was to assist individuals advance their lives. This means that Rogers was a real adherent of humanistic ideation and was mostly regarded as the individual who issued psychotherapy its fundamental humanistic undercurrents.
Rogers believed in numerous chief concepts that he thought must exist in order for a healthy alteration to occur. He called his treatment client-centered therapy because it views the person rather than the therapist or the healing process as the axis of efficient modification. Some of the basic concepts are as mentioned (Rogers, 1951). First, there is unconditional positive concern where the therapist has to illustrate to the clients that they are fundamentally decent and prove this belief to them. The significance of unconditional positive regard is the fact that it makes clients feel free and disclose all information required without feeling unworthy. It helps them reveal the negative aspect of their lives and enhance their treatment. This concept does not mean that the therapist has to agree to all the actions the client may reveal.
Second, Rogers named nonjudgmental attitude, which should be consistent with viewing the client as worthy. According to Rogers, individuals are competent in observing their mistakes and realizing what deserves to be altered even if they may not admit it at first. Judging an individual also prevent him or her from disclosing personal information that has to be known in order to influence the treatment. Another basic concept outlined by Rogers is disclosure, which is the sharing of private information (Rogers, 1951). Rogers believed that in order to make the client disclose personal information, the therapist must do the same. This means that maintaining the secrecy, as a therapist is not an effective approach because it may cause the client to refuse to disclose personal information. The last concept is reflection where Rogers believed the chief concept to comprehending the self is not interpretation but rather, reflection.
Carl Rogers’ approach to solving client problems was the best in the 20th century and it is still in use today. He believed that a person must participate in self-discovery which means that he has to disclose personal information before receiving solution to his problems. The therapist on the other hand should also disclose his personal life to the client to facilitate his confidence of telling the truth. This is the best approach in counseling because it provides excellent results to clients.