Societies are usually comprised of various categories of people who tend to behave in different ways. Psychological tests are usually carried out to identify any mental disorders among individuals. People with disabilities are normally recognized by how they relate with others in the society and the manner in which they execute certain activities such as studying as well as their employment duties. There are also situations where some therapies have to be carried out on couples or certain groups of people to discover the causes of the different problems they encounter. The testing methods and instruments used by psychologists should be efficient to provide reliable results and they should be used with extreme competency to ensure that the results obtained are factual. Psychological tests may be carried out as an order by courts to determine the mental capacities of various people who have some irritating behaviors that cause harm to the society. Additionally, such tests may be used as surveys to study the extent of disabilities in a region.
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There are various reservations psychologists have to get, e.g. - an informed consent from any individual being examined. It means that people should be acknowledged about the need for such tests and given some assurance that the results obtained will not be demonstrated publicly to preserve their privacy. Generally, most families never wish the whole society to realize the mental disabilities of their members whenever the assessments. In most cases, some individuals deny psychologists the consent to examine them for the fear that the outcome may be shared, thereby provoking the confidentiality agreements made prior to the exercise.
However, there are some situations whereby the informed consent is not required. For instance, when individuals are directed by courts to have psychological assessments taken upon them, psychologists are usually have the permission to carry out the tests regardless of whether an individual is interested or not. This could include a situation whereby an individual is being recruited into the military. In this case, the psychological situations of such people have to be examined to identify whether they can be trusted in handling the firearms. Other situations where psychologists do not necessarily need to have an informed consent from the people being tested is when various institutions such as schools and some job places require such assessments to be carried upon anyone being admitted or recruited. For instance, work places may require that all employees have some regular psychological assessments to examine their competency and the extent of performance. Therefore, the psychologists deployed by such firms examine the employees without having to get any informed consent from them. Finally, another situation whereby an informed consent is not required is when physicians want to examine the decision capabilities of individuals seeming to decline the medical prescriptions given to them. The tests have to be carried out to identify whether such people can freely make informed decisions.
Psychologists usually undertake various assessments and therapies to families and other groups of people who relate in certain ways within the society. These categories of people have to be guaranteed that their confidentiality would be upheld before they provide informed consent to psychologists to go on with their therapies. There are usually different issues in family and group therapy pertaining to informed consent. A good example is when therapists wish to discover the problems faced by different couples such as the reasons behind their conflicts or their failure to have children. In addition, they may also be willing to identify the reason why certain groups of people who were initially involved in some constructive activities want to disintegrate or are constantly conflicting.
The major issues concerning the informed consent include the fear that some family or group members may publicize the weaknesses discovered among their associates. For instance, when therapies are being carried out to examine why some couples have not been able to get a child, each spouse would want to be assured that the results of the test are not disclosed to other people. The same case applies in the groups where each member is usually concerned about their privacy and whether whatever is revealed in the group settings would be exposed to the public. In addition, some family and group members may be unwilling to cooperate in the assessments.
Therefore, the therapists have to convince all the participants that whatever happens during the process remains confidential. Another issue concerning the informed consent is whether the therapist would be impartial in handling the problems faced by family and group members or he would be willing to side with some members in case legal procedures are prompted. All these concerns are generally believed to cause fear among the respective parties and psychologists should therefore enlighten all members on the benefits of participating and an assurance that their consent provision would not be consequential in any way.
In conclusion, psychological tests are normally important and help to discover the problems faced by different societal members and the best ways to solve them. The psychologists or therapists have to exhibit some competency and the use of the appropriate instruments to ensure that all diagnostics yield relevant results. All the psychologists willing to carry out some assessments should first get informed consent from the individuals being tested unless the process involves an order by the government or other legally responsible institutions. Therefore, the privacy of all the participants in the psychological assessments and therapies should be upheld as a show of accountability among the psychologists.
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