To begin with, war on terror policy emerged during the reign of George W. Bush Administration. There were several goals of the policy to be carried as well as met by the criminal justice system. The goal of criminal justice is to do justice, control crime and prevent crime altogether. War on terrorism in particular seeks to do justice, control crime as terrorism is a form of crime and prevent it as well (Bolt, Coletta, & Shackelford, 2005, p.229). This was to be achieved through the defeat of the major terrorists like Osama Bin Laden and destruction of their originations.
In line with this, identification, location and destruction of terrorists are other goals of the policy. Along with this, sponsorship, support and sanctuary denial to the terrorists is an added goal of the policy. The policy also seeks to diminish the underlying conditions that terrorist seek to exploit. Moreover, the policy is committed to ensure the defense of the US citizens along with their interests both at home and abroad (Bolt, Coletta, & Shackelford, 2005). Having provided the summary of the goals of the criminal justice that the war on terrorism policy intents to achieve, it is important to examine the effectiveness and ineffectiveness of the policy. In particular, congress has been able to allocate billions of dollars on crime control as well as prevention of the same on war on terrorism. This has made it possible for the war on terror policy to be developed.
Again, it has been pointed out in the past that there has been financial support by NGOs for war of terrorism along with support from other states in support for the policy such as UK, Canada and Germany among others. However, the US federal government and the congress have greatly contributed financial resources to enable the war on terror policy to work (Bolt, Coletta, & Shackelford, 2005, p.447). On the other hand, there have been some initiatives that have been associated with the war on terrorism policy.
In this case, there is the department of homeland security committed to offer security at U.S. borders and ports of entry. In addition, there is an initiative to improving intelligence through the Terrorist Threat Integration Center and disarming Saddam Hussein (Bolt, Coletta, & Shackelford, 2005, p.292). These initiatives have managed so far to perpetuate the goals of the policy by destroying the Afghanistan, and disarming of Iraq. Nonetheless, the costs of the policy have doubled making it hard for the policy to work effectively. At the same time, the supporters of the policy have over time withdrawn from the support of the policy as they view it as a form of terrorism. Historically, there has been the desire for America as a superpower to fight for its interests and remain in control. Thus the differences of cultures of the American state and the Muslim states have contributed to development of the war on terror policy.