The Cybersecurity Act of 2010 was passed as a response of the Congress to the need to take serious action to protect the rights of cyber users and prevent online threats. Cybersecurit encompasses the development of a range of special policies, tools, risk management approaches, principles of safety, security guarantees, actions, training, insurance, and technology for the purposes of protection of organizations and users against the growing number of cyber crimes. U.S. Cybersecrity legislation was a response to the rising number of cyber attacks aimed at damaging critical U.S. infrastructure computer networks. The Cybersecurity Act of 2010 was developed and subsequently introduced by Senators Jay Rockefeller, Evan Bayh, Barbara Mikulski, Bill Nelson and Olympia Snowe. The main goal of the Cybersecurity Act of 2010 was to enhance the collaboration between U.S. private and public sectors by increasing the mutual trust. Other goals were maintenance of communication with a range of other countries within cyberspace, further development of the cybersecurity branch of industry with the goal of providing adequate protection for all users. The Cybersecurity Act of 2010 endowed president with the power to control the Internet in emergency cases. This and other points have aroused a wave of public criticism and have led to an ongoing discussion of how to improve the legislation so that it does not violate the rights of common users. While the president’s Internet kill-switch power got revised in the following year, other sections in the Cybersecurity Act of 2010 remain unclear and require further elaboration. Current attempts to improve the Cybersecurity Act of 2010 have been generally futile, with the Cybersecurity Act of 2012 rejection by the Congress.
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