THE AUTHOR’S VIEW
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The author of this article is apparently of the view that the decrees that were issued by the emperor Kuang Hsu were of great benefit to the people’s republic of China. The emperor wanted china to adopt the policies practiced by western countries because their Japanese neighbors’ had borrowed a leaf from western countries and as a result they were way ahead of China socially, politically and economically. The author regrets that would the provincial rulers and government ministers heeded to them the country would have moved miles ahead. The author adduces his evidence by clearly demonstrating that indeed the emperor would have achieved reforms since the establishment of the University was among his reform agenda and he had already actualized it meaning that he was surely committed to his reform agenda. In his opinion the author was optimistic that the changes envisaged in the emperor’s decrees were real and were achievable for the collective welfare of the people of china and he regrets that a champion of change and reform can only be rewarded and punished by death.
THE ARGUMENT AND THE GLOBAL HISTORY
China, until recently, has been on the records as a developing country. China adopted a communist approach in its economic, social and political systems. Communism at its very best involves the control of the production activities by the state. This form of society arrangement was formulated and furthered by the United Social Soviet Republic. This system discourages hard work and competition as people are reluctant to put effort in their activities since what they produce will after all be shared by all people. Competition is very crucial in the market and the production processes in general as it acts as an incentive to work hard and diversification. Capitalism on the other hand is the system that allows private ownership of the production activities and the state has reduced control and interference of the market activities. Capitalism allows people to accumulate as much wealth as they can provide they use legitimate means and they don’t exploit consumers and other people in the production chain. Capitalism was adopted by America and many Western Europe countries. Japan adopted western political, economical and legal ways of doing things and consequently it moved in the same pace with America and other developed countries. This makes Japan an economic giant today way over and above china.
China took a conservative approach and consequently it lagged behind in development. However, it should be noted that the problems and challenges that made china to develop at a snail’s pace is because of poor leadership that did not institute proper reforms. Evidently this is true as we have seen that emperor Hsu was a reformer but was killed because of personal interests of others leaders that overrode the public interests. Emperor Hsu was a proponent of western policies since he had seen how much they had benefited Japan and so he wanted a blueprint of the same but him and his sympathizers were ejected from administration by the forces against reforms .However, it is also vital to note that today china is one of the economic giants in the world and it has a lot of influence in the world politics. It is also vital we understand the fact that china has developed with its own culture to achieve its current economic status. The implications here are that though Hsu was killed there arose other rulers who followed his reforms footsteps and implemented changes that over the years have made china make a big step in its social, political and economic field. The history of china allows the rulers and people entrusted with power and authority to realize that reforms are needed for there to be a growth and that provided there is a spirit for change one day the country must experience change.
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