Multicultural diet is defined as the use of different patterns of food from different countries, regions, and places. Staple food is the commonly consumed food. India is a large country with a variety of foods including cuisine (Sen, 2004). However, the type of food being consumed by Indians largely depend on the location; this implies that places such as the Northern, Southern, Eastern, and coastal parts have different types of foods.
In the Southern part of India, the most common type of food is proteins such as vegetables fruits, and lentils with rice being the most consumed carbohydrate. On the other hand, Northern part consumes various proteins (meat [chicken, mutton and fish]) carbohydrate is bread (Sen, 2004). In the coastal region, seafood is taken largely. The Eastern part’s staple food is combination of rice (carbohydrates) and fish (protein). Nonetheless, some foods are staple throughout India; such foods include as rice, roti (name used for different types of bread), and wheat. Although India has a variety of dishes, the type of dish that is consumed by the Indians majorly depends on how a particular dish is easy to prepare and the availability of ingredients used in such dishes. These dishes include; Biryani which is both vegetable and non vegetable (Petel, Jannu & Balasubramanian, 2011). Biryani dish is made up of rice and meat, fish, eggs, or vegetable. Butter chicken- is the chicken that is deepened in yoghurt overnight, spiced up, and cooked with a special makhani sauce made of butter, tomato puree, and variety of spices. On the other hand, Vindaloo and Rogan Josh consist of aromatic and gravy curry of lamb goat or any other meat (Purser & Joshi, 2007). The other Indian dish is Palak paneer; this is a type of dish that is made of palak (spinach) and paneer (cottage cheese) in a curry sauce. In addition, Pav Bhaji is composed of a potato based curry and pav garnished with coriander, chopped onions and a dash of butter.
Most Indians eat food using their hands; this is because they consider it as proper dinning etiquette, as traditional culture, and with most enjoying their food when using hands. Petel, Jannu & Balasubramanian (2011) cited that besides using hands, there are some Indians especially those in the Northern part who use spoons and folks (cutleries). The following aspects play an important role in Indian’s national diet: Climate; this affects Indian diet both positively and negatively. For instance, extreme climatic conditions often lead to low production of crops such as wheat hence leading to low consumption of rice. Moreover, Purser & Joshi (2007) assert that conducive climate facilitates high growth production in India hence stable food and constant diet.
India as a nation consists of many religions such as Hinduism, Budhism, and Christians. For example, Hindus adores a cow as their god; as such, they do not permit eating of beef. Religion has caused India diet to change because of the existence of some religions such as Hinduism which have led to strict slaughtering of cow for beef. Economically, Indian diet has deteriorated; for instance, low income earners cannot afford to maintain diet, but this is contrary to high income earners.
Indians traditional festive dishes are as follows, kalagaya kura aka combined with vegetable curry and kalagaya puluu aka teepi pulusu (Purser & Joshi, 2007). Since food guide is a tool consisting of variety of food that are from the four group types, Canada’s food guide is a nutritional tool that is used by Canadians for the purposes of health. Indian diet consists of cuisine while that of Canada is called a food guide hence the two menus are meant for health purposes (Petel, Jannu & Balasubramanian, 2011).
In conclusion, Indian diet is diverse; this enables Indians to use various types of foods while taking their health into account. However, India being a country that consists of much food, the type of food consumed in a given location depends on the region where one is based and the staple food that is easily found in the region.
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