The research Nurses’ perception of their role in caring for diabetic patients at the primary care level: a case study from Mauritius, by Kassean takes a critical analysis of the role nurses in caring for diabetic patients in the community. The research was carried out in Mauritius.
Ho = Nurses have a small role in caring for diabetic patients.
H1= Nurses have a great role in caring for diabetic patients.
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This study undertook to achieve the following objectives:
v To examine the perception of nurses on caring for diabetic patients
v To examine the role of nurses in caring for diabetic nurses
Significance of studies
It should be noted that the problem of diabetic is great in great in the society. Towards this, the study is in handy. The research study outlined adequately the significance of the study which make it easy to analyze. The capacity to gain insights into the perception and role of nurses in caring for diabetic patients. The role of the nurse in caring for diabetic patients has been demonstrated by the considerable attention it has attracted over the years. This is because gaining insights into the operational culture government, firms and market dynamics forms an underlying factor upon which seizure and maximization of opportunities of globalization may be anchored. The gains from the maximization of these opportunities have significant implications for the people. Government across the globe including the US is struggling to reduce diabetic prevalence. This research therefore injected new perspectives into this topic through a comparative approach adopted. Research Design: Research design is quite important in a study (Campbell, s& Stanley, 1966). The design of this research study is indicated as being on a survey and case study. The case study was used to investigate the best practices of the organizations.
Participants in this study were nurses in regard to how they can give care to type two diabetics in the health care facilities in the society. The study used what is called the phenomenological approach.The methodology involved a close monitoring of individuals in a way that one feels another person’s taste and how one feels. The observation took place in 5 different health care institutions. The population sample of the five health care centers was a 4% representation of the total health care facilities, which stands at 108 by then on the island. The population came from different ethnic groups, gender, ages, and institutions. Nonetheless, this research sample was small and the researchers ought to have stretched the population to around 40 to 50 nurses. This would have been a 37% to 47% representation of the total population. The fact the author observed bracketing defends the validity of research against biases as a result of self-interest.
Given that this research was qualitative, data analysis by the use of phenomenological is justified. The method involved a seven-step process that begins with identification of significant statements and ends with the validation process to establish if the findings were correct. Then followed a thematic examination of the findings in relation to the following areas:
v Proper management of care; biomedical care, holistic care, and support needs
v Barriers experienced in caring; lack of knowledge, poor compliance, and resource barriers
v Therapeutic communication skills needed
v Training and educational needs
Results and findings
The interviews carried out by the nurses was perfectly successful as all the nurses sampled for the study showed up and gave their opinions. The findings got through the recorded audio interview showed that nurses lacked adequate training in their respective roles and responsibilities. Even though they feel training is important, no such services are given. In addition, the nurses' views were that they were overworked hence reducing their performance. Therapeutic communication skills feature critical for nurses in caring for patients with diabetes. However, the nurses show that they lack effective communication skills to provide care to diabetic patients. The nurses faced problems in their goal to maintain blood glucose under normal scope for patients as a result of inadequate knowledge on the disease, too much workload with fewer resources, and non-cooperating patients.
Strengths and Limitations of the Study
This study by Kassean is very important based on the the requirements of the project topic.The report needs a research on adults and given that, the nurses are professionals in the medical care centers, this project condition is met. In addition, the study is relevant to the topic because nurses’ roles were analyzed in the case of type II diabetes patients. Carrying out a study in Mauritius was well-organized given that this is the second country with the highest prevalence rate of diabetic as illustrated by the WHO.
Secondary research was the first stage initiated before the primary research but advanced simultaneously. The secondary research was carried out through desk research on various topical areas as outlined in the literature review chapter (Creswell, 2009). This was necessary, as it was useful in creating insight into the research questions presented. In an attempt to resolve the research question, data were collected from various sources including published journals, websites, literatures, research and articles.
Presentation of Results
The use of cross-tabulations reveal the relationship the role of nurses in caring for diabetic patients in the community. Then accepting the type of organization and its location will be related to the area where workers are likely to be found working. The second cross-tabulation is done for care providers to determine their preference of care providers. The organization ownership choice is the independent control variables. In all analyses the chi-square test is used to see if the patterns that are observed in the survey sample are statistically significant in order to accept with a confidence level of more than 95 percent confident or P < 0.05.
Discussion of Results
This study was conducted to establish the role of nurses in caring for diabetic patients in the community. The study hypothesis is that nurses play a critical role in diabetes management in the community. The results show that nurses role is very important in diabetes management.
There are remarkable rural/urban differences in terms of proportion of volunteers in the workforce. The presence of volunteer care workers and nurses is larger within organizations based in big cities, and is generally less significant the smaller the built-up area where the organization is located. This reflects the typically higher attractiveness to volunteers of urban areas where they can more easily find work opportunities and larger social networks. The social networks play an important role in the migration choices of nurses and care workers. The proportion of volunteer workers in these occupations is higher than their proportion in the rest of the workforce suggesting that the health and social care sectors have a higher demand for volunteer workers all over in America. In conclusions, a critical analysis of the result of this study reveals that all the research question are adequately answered. In this regard, I agree with the research validity in relation to the research design data analysis and presentation of research.
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