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This paper examines the discourse on sexuality and race during the scientific revolution, a period that spans between the late 19th century and twentieth century according to the United States history. It applies theoretical and methodological perspectives to identify rhetoric stages of development in discursive representation towards lesbianism, gay, transgender, bisexual of queer American natives. The representations reflect a compounded a context of compounded colonialism based on ideological and cultural assumptions that invidiously marks a social group. Each person has a biological sexual orientation whether male or female. Our gender orientation is usually our social and legal status as either men or women. Sexual orientation is a term commonly used to describe whether a person feels a sexual desire towards persons of like gender, other gender or even both.
Debates on the same sex desires have been so central in the United States that contemporary policy discourse has spread across the world. Psychology has assumed these discussions with the premise that same sex attracts people to the same legal advantage just the same as the opposite sex attract individuals. These discussions on policy and the role of psychology in them do not occur in a scientific or cultural vacuum (Hart, 104). However, contemporary discourse on public policy about same sex desire, identity and behavior in the recent history of social regulation can be traced back in the 19th century when political, social and economic conditions changed drastically due to urbanization, industrialization and globalization.
Queer sexual identities
Queer is a sexual identity that is used both as pain or pride. This is a reclaimed identity and the word was once sued as a slur but currently used intentionally by just the same group it was meant to hurt. The word was once and still used to refer to lesbians, gay and bisexual individuals derogatively. However, to other people it became a word that was full of promise and high hopes which most authentically described their sexual lives.
Queer describes one’s sexual identity, i.e. represent orientation, behavior and identity (OBI) model. The model provides a better way to talk about sexual identities in a more accurate method. In the OBI model, each concept is dealt with in a separate and different way from each other.
Sexual orientation describes an individual’s sexual or romantic attraction to somebody else. It is not usually about behavior but just about the attraction experience itself. For instance, sexual orientation describes the physical act of sexual activity and physical activity. However, in the nineteenth century, the elaboration and codification of sexual orientation idea evolved that there was certain kinds of individuals with particular kinds of drives that set them apart from their neighbors. This was as a result of increased urbanization and change of the economic structure that actually caused the evolution of subcultures aligned to sexuality.
Sexual identity describes how people identify themselves. And because identity is personal, t is a thing that every person can decide personally to be lesbian, gay, bisexual, straight, queer or any other. Urbanization and the emergency of modern telecommunication technology has facilitated individuals of like-minded desires and subcultures to meet and socialize and set their own identity. In response of legal penetration sexual identity emerged before the nineteenth century. It was at this time that sodomites began to view themselves not just as men who might commit the act defined by law as sodomy but as men who had particular sex identity and thus forming a community with defined characteristics. Over time, the culture dissolved in the society and became socially accepted, thus mutating to bring forth lesbianism where women codified them along same sex relationships. With time the legal pressure begun to have them accorded their legal identity in the twentieth century.
The OBI model presents us with a way of examining how the three characteristics interact with one another. Typically it was assumed that identity, orientation and behavior were the same. For instance, before the twentieth century, there was an assumption that anyone who identifies as gay is only attracted to men and participates in sexual activities with their fellow men (Murphy & Jennifer, 78). However, in real life, this perception was complicated and there was no justified for such a person’s orientation, identity and behavior to match. Likewise, a woman can be attracted to men and me alike, engage in sexual activities with men alone but on the other hand identify herself as bisexual.
The description of sexual identity in early nineteenth century differed on the twentieth century description because it was just dependent on gender. For example, if a woman identifies herself as straight, she meant that she only engage in sexual actions with men alone. Straight, gay, bisexual, lesbian are just categorical markers to designate the gender of a person and the gender they are attracted to. Lesbians was a name used to describe any female who has attained the age of majority and is attracted to other women, bisexual describes a woman or a man who are attracted to both while straight described a man attracted to women and vice versa.
Because sex and gender are complex, a better understanding of biological sex, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation and more others help us understand how they relate to one another. One may also be wondering about his/her own sexual orientation and gender identity or about a person they know. This also helps us to understand where the world is headed to in the twenty first century. It is quite important to have enough and relevant knowledge on the basis of the future of queer sexual behaviors (Caudwell, 276).
Hopefully, these pages provide the facts and tools that are basically required to understand gender and sexual orientation. Detailed analysis may provide more answers to the concern of sexual health, Planned Parenthood, sexual health services, transgender patients among others. Same sex desire
In this case, we seek to conceptualize the contemporary connection between psychology and public policy on matters relating to same sex attraction of women in the United States. Since, the formalization of psychology in the 1800s it has assumed a critical role of both maintaining and challenging the cultural and political issues of sexual desire, behavior and identity (Boyd, 47). Review of critical history of psychological of the same sex desire focus on how studies reflect the larger narratives of nature towards same sex attraction.
The prospect of building a personal identity is of significant degree around gender in American women around 19th and twentieth century. It was a choice of the likelihood that happens in the contemporary world particularly to the urban and modern societies. Evidence reveals that many cultures institutionalize and are in the process of further mutation along same sex orientation activities of some form. Historical evidence shows that the US ‘s notion of sexual orientation and politics emerged in the last quarter of the 19th century and still continue to date. Due to intense political activities and emphasis on the bills of rights, norms and morals are nothing to go by in the near future in determining the sexual orientation and identity people associate with. Bottom of Form