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Effects of Telemedicine and Optical Imagery on Health Care
Telemedicine is the provision of medical information through telecommunication from one place to another to improve patients’ clinic (Conde et al., 2010). Telemedicine has both positive and negative effects on health. Some of the positive effects are as follows;
Quality of the Care
The main purpose of any medical facility is to maintain or rather improve health of individual hence telemedicine comprising of professionals with diverse experience are in-line with various healthcare services and the manner in which health institutions, various healthcare programs, and other resources can be distributed to distributed to benefit the public at large (Conde et al., 2010)Telemedicine facilitates and increases communication (viz., interchange, correspondence, and dialogue) between medical practitioners and their patients; it does this for relief and education (Conde et al., 2010). In addition, telemedicine enables experts such as nurses, physicians and other professionals to provide health services to hundred or even thousands of miles away from the point of service (Conde et al., 2010).
Telemedicine has improved accessibility to health care and has minimized costs in rural and urban areas, for example in Australia it has reduced the “time-to –treatment” (Conde et al., 2010). The time spent by consultants in travelling to satellite clinics has greatly been reduced.
Telemedicine is faced with challenges in that it is very costly; parts of the system which are critical in healthcare issue that require emergency, radiology support, patient-physician interaction, and homecare. , Nonetheless, each of the application has costs differently specified to its use (Conde et al., 2010).
The second challenge is the expanded indications for use.For example a telemedicine may be established for more timely diagnosis and treatment of the trauma patient in rural areas (Blobel & Pharow, 2003). However, once available the primary care of physicians may use use telemedicine for less urgent that they once handled on their own hence decline of telemedicine with greater volume results to increase in both total use and total expenditures.
Effects of Optical Imagery on Health
Optical image is an image formed by the refraction or reflection of light. Types of optical imagery are as follows; optical coherence topographic and, retina pigment epithelial.
Security Safeguards of Telemedicine
In securing and safeguarding of telemedicine issue of confidentiality and general privacy is very crucial (Conde et al., 2010). Information privacy is the mater of an individual controlling the use and dissemination of information that relates to him and confidentiality are what protects privacy hence an individual must ensure that the information is mandated to specific controls and strict limitations on access and disclosure. In other words, the controls should be implemented by those handling the information. Furthermore security is an important aspect in that it protects the system and information from unauthorized access and misuse, and accidental damage (Conde et al., 2010).
Security and Safeguards of Optical Imagery
The security of optical imagery involves using a HIPPA privacy rule.
Benefits of Telemedicine and Optical Imagery
The retinal cameras have impacts on health care, for example one of specialists known as Cuadros said when physicians evaluate the blood vessels in optical images, and they get fulfilled because of the fact that they obtain a clear picture about micro vascular system of the human body (Blobel & Pharow, 2003).
Telemedicine has reduced the cost of health care and has increased efficiency through better management of chronic diseases. In addition, telemedicine is also used as a teaching tool through which physicians evaluate, demonstrate, and instruct their staff in different directions or locations.
Educational and training needs for telemedicine and optical imagery are as follows; on-line, on – demand computational models of simulation, amplified interfaces for software and hardware, software frameworks for simulation, portable telepresence system and the development of more simulator applications (Blobel & Pharow, 2003).