The largest percentage of the people who were killed in the Guatemalan Civil War constituted the Mayans; the number was estimated at 35,508, equaling to 83%. The remaining fraction equaling to 17% was Ladinos. For long, Guatemala for long been known for its authoritarian nature, and in trying to protect the interest of the minority groups who had taken control of the state, many people from the Mayan tribe were killed because they were considered to be the rebellious group.
Truth commissions are generally understood to be the bodies that are established to investigate matters and come out with the truth about a past history of human rights violations in specific nation- this may involve violations by the army or even some other forces of the government or opposition, with the hope of resolving conflict that has existed from the past.
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President Reagan courted the Guatemalan right, before coming to power in the year 1980, who he shared same views with. He offered to provide General Romeo Lucas Romeo Garcia, the-then Guatemalan President, a straight turn in the American policy toward their country. The accord facilitated the reinstatement of American weapons sales, the limitation of State Department criticism of human rights violations, and the promise that United States would provide military support in case of a popular insurgence. This influenced the war because the Guatemalan government was sure of every support.
The government of Guatemala was accountable for the genocide. The signing of a firm and peace agreement in Guatemala provide the country with an comprehensive agenda for overcoming the main causes of war and laying the foundations for a new development (Adams, p54). The core problem facing the forensic anthropologists in their attempt to identify remains is the large number of skeletons to be examined. This makes it difficult because the facilities being used are not sufficient for the process. Moreover, people are not ready to take part because they fear facing bitter memories of the killings.
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