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The word ‘Renaissance’ derives from French and signifies ‘rebirth’. Italy remains the centre and origin of the Renaissance art, which was established on the basis of Gothic art. Gothic art was significant in teaching people about the Bible and God. Artistic displays played a critical role in enlightenment of people.
Impact of Humanism on the Renaissance Art
Humanistic philosophical concept and ethical views that are entrenched on the value of human beings individually, collectively and basically regarded as more important on rational thought than any faith.It relies on logic and discredits the concept of superstition. Humanistic movements across Europe illustrated to people the benefits of classical knowledge from pre-Christian sources, which had previously been prohibited by the Catholic Church. Humanism significantly impacted the growth and development of the Renaissance art. Language, poetry, painting and other forms of art drew much concept from humanism. Therefore, the Renaissance art was immensely influenced by humanism.
Impact of Neo-Platonism on the Renaissance art
Neo-Platonism is a combination of classic Greek philosophy which includes the works of Plato and Aristotle with Christian believes. Neo-Platonism has a great impact on the Renaissance art. For instance, the influence is depicted in Michelangelo art, which is a good example of Neo-Platonism. Michelangelo art revolved around Christian religious events and subject matter. For example, he depicted the death of Christ, the virginity of Mary and the creation of Adam. He presents them in a manner that shows how truth and beauty of the spiritual world can be revealed through the physical world. Towards this, it is evident that Neo-Platonism had an influence on the Renaissance art. It forms a formidable foundation and platform on which the Renaissance art was built. The ideas of religion and ancient Greek culture therefore played a pivotal role in shaping article works during the Renaissance period. Michelangelo's work forms the foundation of the Renaissance artistry and succinctly brings out the impact of Neo-Platonism on artwork. Michelangelo took Christian ideas and pictures of God and modeled them to illustrate Aristotle and Plato's theories. The aspect of truth, beauty and perfection that form the basic spiritual life are shown through physical means.
The Renaissance artists used Neo-Platonism in part, the principle of Platonic love spread very fast to most cultures in Europe and other parts of the world. Neo-Platonism ideas through art significantly transformed the European experience of sexual love which since the ancient times had normally been related to physical attraction. However, the development of Neo-Platonism, started discussing sexuality and love in terms of spiritual bonds. This offered a wide discourse which opened the knowledge of love relationship between individuals and God. In this regard, people became enlightened on the concept of love and sexuality.
Impact of Economics on the Renaissance Art
Early trade and economics were significant in interaction and culture exchange. Economics therefore is singled out as a driving force which helps in shaping the Renaissance art. Monumental architecture of buildings in most parts in Europe implies economic organization of the society as it stood as a fundamental path through which economic aspects of the society is analyzed and ascertained. This refers to the fact that the presence, sophistication and number of monumental architectures within a city symbolized the size of the state, levels of bureaucracies, and types of economic activities and culture of the populations. In addition, these symbolized the settlement patterns of tribes and states. Economics therefore significantly contributed to the development of the Renaissance art since the economical concepts were prominently depicted in most Renaissance artwork. According to Allen, “Art is a mirror image of identity of individual or society because it is a reflection of what we feel, think, practice, ritual, believe, behave and the Character” (43). It is also a depiction of how our ideologies are intertwined by our feeling within the society, our relationship with others, and our thoughts and fears in regards to our future.
Humanism, Neo-Platonism and economics were pivotal in driving and establishing the firm Renaissance art in the society. Artistic work like any other discipline borrows much from the societal norms and values. The Renaissance art has, in turn, impacted human life by giving deep insights of the past, present and the prediction of the future.